Philodendron gloriosum is an exquisite ground-dwelling plant with large, velvety, heart-shaped leaves. Originating from the rainforests of Central and South America, this plant has gained popularity among houseplant enthusiasts due to its distinct foliage and relatively low maintenance needs.
In this guide, we’ll provide comprehensive information on how to care for this Philodendron.
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About Philodendron gloriosum
Philodendron gloriosum is a species of the Philodendron genus, known for its large, velvety, dark green leaves with striking white veins. The leaves can grow up to 3 feet long in ideal conditions, creating a dramatic appearance in any indoor space. This plant is an evergreen perennial and spreads horizontally, forming a creeping habit.
|Botanical Name||Philodendron gloriosum|
|Light||Bright, Indirect Light|
|Bloom season||Spring, Summer|
|Water needs||Low, Moderate|
Philodendron gloriosum Care
Philodendron gloriosum is a relatively easy plant to care for, a great choice for both novice and experienced plant enthusiasts.
This Philodendron thrives in bright, indirect light. Direct light can cause damage to the delicate leaves, so it’s best to provide filtered light through a sheer curtain or place the plant near a window that faces north.
This plant requires a well-draining, aerated potting mix with high organic content. A mix of peat moss and perlite works well for Philodendron gloriosum.
It likes consistently moist soil. Water the plant until the soil gets slightly wet but not so much that it gets soaked. Overwatering is to be avoided at all costs.
This plant thrives in temperatures between 65°F and 85°F. Avoid placing your Philodendron gloriosum in areas with cold drafts or sudden temperature fluctuations.
This Philodendron enjoys high humidity levels, similar to its natural rainforest habitat. Aim for a humidity level of around 60% by using a humidifier, placing the Philodendron on a pebble tray filled with water, or grouping it with other humidity-loving plants.
Feed with a balanced liquid fertilizer diluted to half strength every month during the growing season (spring and summer). In fall and winter, reduce fertilizing frequency to every 6-8 weeks.
Philodendron gloriosum doesn’t typically require extensive pruning. However, you can trim off any damaged, yellowing, or dead leaves to maintain the plant’s appearance and overall health. Always use sharp scissors or pruning shears to avoid disease transmission.
Potting and Repotting Philodendron gloriosum
Repot your Philodendron gloriosum every 2-3 years or when the plant becomes root-bound. Choose a pot slightly larger than the current one and has drainage holes.
How to Repot (Step-by-Step)
- Gently remove the Philodendron gloriosum from its current pot.
- Inspect the roots for any indication of rot or damage and trim away any affected areas with clean, sharp scissors or pruning shears.
- Partially fill the new pot with the prepared potting mix.
- Place the Philodendron in the new pot, ensuring that the root ball is positioned at the same level as it was in the previous pot.
- Add more potting mix around the roots, gently firming it down to eliminate air pockets.
- Water the plant thoroughly, allowing excess water to drain out of the drainage holes.
- Place the repotted Philodendron gloriosum in its chosen location, ensuring it receives bright, indirect light.
Propagating Philodendron gloriosum
Philodendron gloriosum can be propagated through stem cuttings or by division.
Propagating by Stem Cuttings (Step-by-Step)
- Choose a healthy stem with one or two leaves and a visible node (the small bump where a leaf or root would grow).
- Using clean, sharp scissors or pruning shears, cut the stem about an inch below the node.
- Place the cutting in a jar filled with water, making sure the node is submerged.
- Wait for roots to develop, which typically takes 2-4 weeks.
- Once roots are about 1-2 inches long, transplant the cutting into a pot filled with a well-draining potting mix.
- Keep the soil consistently moist and well-lit.
Propagating by Division (Step-by-Step)
- Gently remove the Philodendron gloriosum from its pot.
- Examine the root ball and identify a natural division where the plant can be separated.
- Carefully divide the plant using your hands or a clean, sharp knife, ensuring that each division has a healthy root system and at least one leaf.
- Plant each division into a new pot filled with a well-draining potting mix.
- Water the divisions thoroughly and place them in a location with bright, indirect light.
Philodendron gloriosum, while primarily grown for its stunning, large, heart-shaped leaves, can also produce blooms when cultivated under the right conditions. The flowers appear very rarely.
Similar to other Philodendron species, Philodendron gloriosum contains calcium oxalate crystals in its leaves and stems. These crystals can cause irritation and swelling in the mouth, throat, and gastrointestinal tract if ingested. Symptoms of ingestion may include drooling, difficulty swallowing, vomiting, and diarrhea.
NOTE: This page is not intended as a substitute for veterinary advice. The toxicity of an ingested substance varies depending on the amount ingested, the animal’s weight, and its sensitivity to specific allergens. Contact your veterinarian or local animal poison control center immediately if you think your pet may have ingested a toxic substance.
Philodendron gloriosum can be susceptible to common pests like spider mites, mealybugs, and aphids. Inspect your plant regularly and treat any infestations with insecticidal soap, neem oil, or a systemic pesticide.
- Placing under harsh sunlight
- Using poorly drained potting mediums
- Fertilizing during dormancy
Yellowing leaves can indicate overwatering or poor drainage. Ensure that your plant’s soil is consistently moist but not waterlogged, and that the pot has drainage holes.
Drooping leaves can result from underwatering or low humidity. Check the soil moisture and water your plant if dry. Increase humidity by using a humidifier, placing the Philodendron on a tray filled with pebbles and water, or grouping it with other humidity-loving plants.